Serviano Cos. Illi qui Serapim colunt, Christiani sunt: et devoti sunt Serapi, qui se Christi episcopos dicunt. Ipse ille patriarcha quum in Aegyptum venerit ab aliis Serapidem adorare, ab aliis cogitur Christum ……..
Unus illis Deus est hunc Judaei, hunc omnes venerantur et gentes. Nor is it certain whether by the name of Christians, he means the worshippers of Christ, or of Serapis. Below is the whole context. Contemporary with Juvenal, has an epigram, the gist of which, is to ridicule the folly of giving the credit of rational fortitude to those fool-hardy wretches that rush on voluntary sufferings, and who would stand to be baked in ovens, or hold their limbs over red hot coals, for the purpose of exciting sympathy; and who, it is assumed, could be nobody else than the primitive Christians.
As late you saw in early morning's show, Mucius, the fool, on red ashes glow If brave and patient, thence, he seems to thee, Thou art, methinks, as greet a fool as he; For there, in robe of pitch, the fire prepared, The wretch would burn, because the people stared.
Of Madaura, wrote a fantastical book of metamorphoses, probably in principle somewhat similar to that of Ovid. Our beaters up for evidences of the Christian religion have enlisted this work also; and in a ridiculous story in which a man who was metamorphosed into an ass, and in that incarnation, sold to a baker,—describes his mistress, the baker's wife, as a red hot virago, an adulterous, drunken thief, cheat, scold, and liar; but with all as such characters generally are peculiarly religious. Tunc spretis atque calcatis divinis numinibus in vicem certae religionis mentita sacrilega praesumptione Dei quem praedicaret unicum conflectis, observationibus vanis fallens omnes hominess, et miserum maritum decipiens, matutino miro, et continuo stupro corpus mancaparat.
Talis illa mulier miro me persequebatur odio nam et ante lucano recubans adhuc subjungi machinae novitium clamabat asinum. Christian woman. With all deference to the judgment of Dr. Lardner, I venture to suggest, that this passage has not the remotest relation to that evidences for the Christian religion, which he wishes to bring forward. It bears a strong indication of the better and more honourable rank which the wife held in the domestic economy, under the ancient paganism, a tact which he and all other Christian advocates endeavour always to conceal.
It indicates the prevalence of that better feeling towards the fair sex, which would have shuddered at the indelicacy of dragging virgin-modesty into the presence of a liqourish priest, to utter an enforced acknowledgement of sentiments, which, whether felt or not, were never meant by nature to be acknowledged, and to make vows and pledges of abject subjection and obedience until death, beyond all measure of obligation, in which any rational and intelligent being could be bound to one who may become false, and so deserve to be forsaken; may become tyrannous, and therefore deserve to be hated.
This undesigned discovery of the domestic economy under pagan auspices, is strongly corroborated by the fact, that among the paintings found in the ruins of Herculaneum, is a chaste and beautiful figure of the matrimonial Venus, Venus Pronuba holding a sceptre of that dominion enjoyed by the wife in domestic affairs.
Hence as Festus under the article clavis, observes "the keys were consigned to the wife, as soon as she entered her husband's house. To this purpose, may the custom of the Egyptians be observed, among whom, the wife ruled in the private concerns of her husband; and accordingly in their marriage ceremonies, be promised to obey her.
The only reason I can conceive, why our Christian evidence writers have made so little account of this heathen testimony, is, that Christian evidence writers have in general been tinctured with Unitarianism, and therefore, rather willing that the cause of Christianity should lose one of its main pillars, than that it should receive support from one, which, at the same time, demonstrates, that the doctrine of the Trinity was really the earliest and purest form of Christianity; and consequently, whether Christianity be true or false, the Unitarian scheme is as unauthorised in history, as it is beyond all absurdities that even were in the world, the most disgustingly and insolently absurd.
Lucian had seen and conversed with St. Paul, had learned from him, immediately, what his doctrine was—and even gives us a description of his person, as well as of the manners and character of the Christian sect; which after all the deduction, that we can reasonably be required to make from his testimony, as being that of an enemy, retains the corroborating countenance of every other document on the subject of which we are in possession, not excepting that of the New Testament itself.
In his dialogue, entitled Philopatris, under the character of Triphon, he describes their form of oath, as being " by the high reigning, great, immortal, heavenly father, the son of the father, and the spirit proceeding from the father; one in these, and three is one. In his dialogue concerning the death of Perigrinus, Lucian speaks of the object of the Christians' worship— as a crucified sophist!
It is seen at once that this testimony does not pledge Lucian to an avowal of the fact of the crucifixion, but is his report of the report which Christians had given of themselves; as that of Tacitus is no more, even if it were genuine. Neither Lucian nor Tacitus were believers. Lucian has however, in the same dialogue, a far more explicit testimony to the then character of Christians; he tells us, that "whenever any crafty juggler, expert in his trade, and who knew how to make a right use of things, went over to the Christians, he was sure to grow rich immediately, by making a prey of their simplicity.
Those who have mentioned the Christians, wrote about:— A. Plinius secund jun.
The Roman historian Suetonius (c. AD 69 – c. AD ) mentions early Christians and may refer The Latin original version of this statement is as follows (in Ihm's edition). Iudaeos impulsore Chresto assidue tumultuantis Roma expulit R.T. France says that the notion of a misspelling by Suetonius "can never be more than. [READ ONLINE] Impulsore Chresto (French Edition) by Francis Roeckel. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online.
Suetonius Tranquill, in his Life of Nero. Paul, distinctively from this testimony to the character of Christianity. Aurel Antonin, philos, in his Meditations, B.
Those who are supposed by some writers on the Christian Evidences, to have alluded to the Christians; wrote about:—. Those who would be likely to refer to the Christians but who have not done so; wrote about:— A. Curtius Ruf.
Whatever might be their dispositions with respect to the doctrine of Jesus; the miraculous darkness which is said to have accompanied his crucifixion, was a species of evidence that must have forced itself upon their senses. Those who were less likely to allude to the Christians, yet must have gone somewhat out of their way, on purpose to avoid doing so; wrote about:—.
Lucanus 65 Valerius. Observe too, that in the Corpus Juris, or, whole body of Roman law, there is not extant one word against the Christians. In apology for this tremendous deficiency of evidence —Dr.
Lardner pleads in mitigation of judgment, the following instance of a similar deficiency of historical evidence, in cases where the fact is nevertheless held to be unquestionable. Velleius Patercu1us is mentioned by no ancient writer except Priscian, though that historian certainly lived and wrote at the time of Tiberius. Annaeus Seneca, the father of the philosopher is almost unknown. Lucianus has never mentioned Cicero in his encomium on Demosthenes. Here is distress indeed! To pursue the evidences of the Christian religion, after we have seen its incomparably most learned and able advocates thus striking on the shoals of reckless sophistry: after we have driven the strugglers for a grasp on historical fact, to the last trick of gathering together such thousand miles of may-be's of mere possible allusion,—and then shewing us the lettered backs of their huge collections as "Volume of Evidence; "—would be driving the drift.
If the evidences of the Christian religion, are presumed to be, its divine effects upon the dispositions and conduct of its professors; the peculiar generosity and liberality of Christians towards the enemies and opposers of their faith; their willingness to have its foundations thoroughly sifted and examined; their readiness at all times to acquaint themselves with all the objections that can be bright against it, by whomsoever, or in what manner soever, these objections may be urged; their abhorrence of all acts of slander and defamation, for the sake of excusing themselves from the trouble of enquiry; their immaculate innocence, not only of persecution direct and overt—but of the dispositions that could possibly had to persecution; their more rational piety, their more exalted virtue, their more diffusive benevolence.
fensterstudio.ru/components/qejawunek/galen-como-localizar-un.php We have looked for historical evidences which might justify a rational man to himself, in believing the Christian religion to be of God. And there are none—absolutely none. We enquired for the moral effects which the prevalence of this religion through so many ages and countries of the world, has produced on men's minds, and we find more horrors, crimes, and miseries, occasioned by this religion and its had influence on the human heart, more sanguinary wars among nations, more bitter feuds and implacable heart burnings in families; more desolation of moral principle; more of every thing that is evil and wicked, than the prevalence of any vice, or of all vices put together, could have caused: so that the evidence which should make it seem probable that God had designed this religion to prevail among men, would only go to show that he had designed to plague and curse them.
But not so; Christian, hold first! Ask thine own convictions, whether, if a religion were the wickedest that ever was upon earth, and as false as it was wicked, God himself could give thee any more likely or fairer and sufficient means to emancipate thy mind from it, than the means thou hast here if thou wilt use them to discover the real origin, character, and evidences of Christianity. If thou believest there is any God at all, at any rate, thou should also believe that he is a God of truth, and so sure as he is so, so sure it is, that the pertinacious belief of any thing as true, which we might by the free exercise of our rational faculties, come to discover to be false, is the greatest sin that man can commit against him; implicit faith is the greatest of crimes; and the implicit believer is the most wicked of mankind.
It was written by the monks, for the use of a monastery of the order of Acaemets, i.
Its original text is no longer visible; ritten ith uncial letters; no intervals before the words; it has been altered from the Latin version; was written by a person who was not master of the Greek language. Marsh in his Michaelis's Introduct. Unitarian editors of the improved version of the New Testament, and Marsh, in locis. Theodore Beza used it for his edition of the N.
It was found at Lyons, in the monastery of St. Irenaeus, A. Beza himself owns of it that it should rather be kept, for the avoiding of offence of certain persons, than to be published. It varies from the common Greek text in a greater degree than any other. It was first found In the Monastery of Cluny, called Clermont, from Clermont in Beauvais, where it was preserved; 38 leaves of it were stolen by on John Aynson, and sold in England, but since recovered. In Greek and Latin; contains the Epistles, but that to the Hebrews by a later hand; like other Graeco- Latin codices the Greek has been accommodated to the Latin.
Wetstein, Unitarian editors, Professor Schweykhausen, quoted by bp.
I use the Latin text and the English translation of B. For the aristocrats, see e. He put an end to the diversions of the chariot drivers, who from immunity of long standing claimed the right of ranging at large and amusing themselves by cheating and robbing the people. As a noun the word means "magician". Plass, Language and History in Theodor W. If he was not born in Braga, it is he was born in the area around the town; this idea is supported by Orosius's own works and two letters written by Saint Augustine , the th and the th.
Marsh, vol. In great disorder; many leaves lost; many wholly illegible; the whole effaced to make room for the works of Ephrem the Syrian, under which the sacred text may be perhaps deciphered by transparency. The librarian sold them to one Toryo, who dealt in fire-works, as materials for making sky-rockets. The statements of the Unitarian editors that these MSS. Besides these, there are above twenty other manuscript in large letters, of different portions of the New Testament, and some hundreds in small characters.
It appears from the subscriptions of very many manuscripts of which we are in possession, that they were written on Mount Athos, where the monks employed themselves in writing copies of the Greek Testament. Some manuscripts, ascribed to the highest antiquity, have been discovered to be the composition of impostors, as late as the 17th century, for the purpose of foisting in favourite doctrines, and imposing on Christian credulity.
Printed at Vienna, at the expence of the Emperor Maximilian. Published at Oxford, by Professor White, A. Still read, though it is not understood. First published at Rome, A. No genuine copies in existence. These very translations of the Greek text as it stood in the most ancient manuscripts, were in general use in an age that precedes the date of any manuscript now extant. Jerome, A. All the French, Italian, and Spanish bibles that were published before the sixteenth century, were taken wholly from the Latin. I conclude this general synopsis of the ancient versions of the New Testament, by a striking and spirited censure, as applicable to the great author from whom I quote so largely, as to the most bigotted of his fraternity, which I find in a very able work, entitled Paloeoromaica, published by Murray, , professing to inquire whether the Hellenistic style that of the Greek Testament is not Latin Greek.
In fact, it is difficult to say, what has been secretly discovered or not discovered in biblical criticism and theology, as authors, on these topies, have hitherto written in fetters: and many of them, probably, have suppressed much of their real sentiments, from an anxiety for their repose. Could this learned writer have more significantly given us to understand, that divines have never yet had courage enough to be honest man? Published at the expence and under the management of the celebrated cardinal, statesman, and warrior, Francis Ximenes de Cisneros, the 22nd of March, , by permission of Pope Leo X.
Only impressions were taken off. It abounds with errors, though long supposed to be a correct and immaculate work.